Alopecia areata has been reported to be associated with multiple comorbid conditions, including vitiligo, lupus erythematosus, psoriasis, atopy, thyroid disease, and mental health problems. Most of these studies are limited by small population size, homogeneous populations, or patient self-reported data.
Can alopecia lead to other diseases?
Studies show that people with alopecia areata can have other autoimmune diseases, such as thyroid disease. However, the fact that you have alopecia areata doesn’t mean you will automatically develop another autoimmune disease.
What autoimmune diseases cause alopecia areata?
Alopecia areata frequently occurs in association with other autoimmune disorders such as vitiligo, lichen planus, morphea, lichen sclerosus et atrophicus, pemphigus foliaceus, atopic dermatitis, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, hypothyroidism, endemic goiter, Addison’s disease, pernicious anemia, lupus erythematosus, diabetes …
What disease can alopecia areata progress into?
A few people who develop alopecia areata will progress to total scalp baldness (alopecia totalis). Even fewer people will lose all scalp and body hair (alopecia universalis). Progression to these more extensive types of hair loss is more common if: The bald patches start in childhood.
What is the most common cause of alopecia?
Family history (heredity). The most common cause of hair loss is a hereditary condition that happens with aging. This condition is called androgenic alopecia, male-pattern baldness and female-pattern baldness.
Is alopecia a symptom of lupus?
Inflammation — which is a hallmark symptom of lupus — is often widespread. When it develops around the scalp and hair follicles, hair loss can occur.
Is alopecia a form of lupus?
Non-scarring alopecia has been associated with systemic lupus erythematosus and added to the diagnostic criteria as of 2012 . Alopecia areata is an inflammatory, non-scarring hair loss that presents in well-demarcated regions commonly on the scalp.
Why is my immune system attacking my hair follicles?
Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease. This means that your immune system mistakenly attacks a part of your body. When you have alopecia areata, cells in your immune system surround and attack your hair follicles (the part of your body that makes hair).
What causes alopecia to flare up?
When stress levels are high, it’s more likely that you’ll lose hair. While alopecia isn’t specifically linked to stress, it’s more likely to flare up during times when you’re experiencing high levels of stress.
What are the typical signs and symptoms of autoimmune diseases using lupus as an example?
The most common signs and symptoms include:
- Joint pain, stiffness and swelling.
- Butterfly-shaped rash on the face that covers the cheeks and bridge of the nose or rashes elsewhere on the body.
- Skin lesions that appear or worsen with sun exposure.
What does alopecia universalis look like?
Alopecia universalis may start as alopecia areata, affecting just one or two small patches of hair. The hair loss can happen very suddenly, producing bald spots in a matter of days. As it progresses to alopecia universalis, hair loss will continue to spread until there is no hair left on the head or body.
Is alopecia areata life long?
It occurs in men and women of all races equally. The condition can develop at any age, although most people develop alopecia areata for the first time before the age of 30. Alopecia areata is not life-threatening and does not cause physical pain.
Do people with alopecia have pubes?
Alopecia areata usually begins as one to several (1 cm to 4 cm) patches of hair loss. Hair loss is most often seen on the scalp. It may also occur in the beard, eyebrows, pubic hair, and arms or legs in some people.
What are the 3 types of alopecia?
Most people know alopecia to be a form of hair loss. However, what they don’t always know is that there are three main types of the condition – alopecia areata, alopecia totalis and alopecia universalis.
Can you get alopecia from stress?
Excessive physical or emotional stress—like that associated with injury, illness, or surgery—can cause one of two types of hair loss: Alopecia areata: This stress-induced hair loss involves a white blood cell attack on the hair follicles.
Can hair grow back from alopecia?
Alopecia areata is an autoimmune condition that triggers hair loss in patches across the body. It can affect people of all ages and genders, but the good news is that hair often grows back on its own with the help of immune-suppressing medication.